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Collective Scientific Expert Report (ESCo): “Roles, Impacts and Services provided by European Livestock Production”

Illustration pour la présentation sur l'ESCo : Rôles, Impacts et Services issus de l’élevage en Europe (séminaire Inra PAC). © Xavier REBOUD/INRA, Xavier Reboud
Updated on 06/13/2018
Published on 02/15/2018

Livestock farming, a major sector in the economies of numerous regions and structural feature of many rural landscapes in Europe, has been controversial for over a decade, particularly due to the environmental damage it causes.

In this context, there is a need for further analysis and a review of scientific knowledge on the environmental/economic/social services, roles and impact of European livestock farms and their products. The French ministries in charge of agriculture and the environment and the French Environment and Energy Management Agency (ADEME) requested INRA to conduct a collective scientific assessment (ESCo) on the multiple consequences of the production and human consumption of cattle, sheep, goat, pig and poultry products on the environment, climate, employment and work, markets and certain social and cultural issues.

Analysis of these various dimensions is based on assessment methods found in international scientific literature. Current knowledge is first examined in an analytical and global manner, then classified into “service bundles” within contrasting regions. Comparing different types of impact and services helps identify compromises and possible solutions for livestock systems.

By Rodolphe Sabatier (INRA Versailles-Grignon and the SAD Division), Bertrand Dumont (INRA Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, UMRH) et Pierre Dupraz (INRA Bretagne-Normandie and the SAE2 Division)