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logo innover Inra2018. © INRA Innovating with Inra
N° 104
  September 2018  
logo innover Inra2018. © INRA
  #MICROBINNOV, micro-organisms for food quality and health 
Sylvie Dequin. © INRA

All interconnected!

Micro-organisms play a key role in the diet and health of both humans and animals. They constitute complex ecosystems whose exploitation enables the construction of food quality, the development of new preventive and therapeutic options in human health and innovative solutions for animal production, diet and health.

To address these challenges, INRA can provide you with its scientific resources and research-innovation opportunities. INRA’s collections (more than 15,000 micro-organisms: bacteria, filamentous fungi and yeasts) offer the Institute’s scientists considerable opportunities for exploration. Our research units and technology infrastructures (germ-free animal facilities, artificial digesters, cheese-making and dairy workshops, experimentation on winemaking, etc.) can support you in the development of new products and compounds (e.g. live biotherapeutics, prebiotics, fermented foods). Two pre-industrial demonstrators (Toulouse White Biotechnology and MetaGenoPolis) offer integrated platforms for your biological engineering projects in the fields of biotechnologies (TWB) and the gut microbiome (MGP).

More information and contact details to enable the joint construction of partnership projects can be found in the downloadable document #MICROBINNOV.

Sylvie Dequin,
Head, Microbiology and the Food Chain Division (MICA)

Results, Innovations, Transfer
Fraises variété
Fructify or grow: the dilemma faced by strawberry plants

In the strawberry, the balance between flowering and vegetative development (runnering) conditions the yield of a plant. INRA has demonstrated the influence of plant hormones (gibberellins) on the fate of the axillary meristem.

Rosa chinensis
The rose genome deciphered: from the origin of modern roses to the characteristics of their blooms

The rose: an ornamental plant emblematic of the cultural and economic history of mankind. An international consortium1 involving INRA, ENS de Lyon, CEA, CNRS and Claude Bernard Lyon 1 University, has deciphered the genome of the rose. This work has made it possible to trace the respective contributions of European and Chinese roses to the genome of modern roses, and to identify genes involved in the perfume and colour biosynthesis pathways. Published in Nature Genetics on April 30th 2018, these findings are essential to help breed new varieties that will notably optimise flower qualities in a context of global change.

Fungi that degrade wood, a source of new enzymes
Biofuels and biomaterials: a new enzyme could be a game-changer

A novel enzyme that can degrade the xylan which coats the fibres of wood cellulose offers new prospects of significantly optimising the breakdown of lignocellulosic biomass and the processing of cellulose. Three patents have been filed by INRA relative to the production of fermentescible sugars and the defibrillation of cellulose substrates.

The potential of databases to improve beef quality © Mohammed Gagaoua
The potential of databases to improve beef quality

Through the analysis of metadata, the existence of the "cattle rearing practices – carcass – muscle – meat" continuum can enable best management of product quality.

. © INRA
Consumer views on the sustainability of French durum wheat sector

In the context of the ANR Dur-Dur project, a study was performed on French attitudes towards durum wheat in order to better understand whether consumers are interested in proposals designed to enhance the sustainability of the durum wheat sector. The questionnaire was designed by a group of industrial actors and research scientists, some of whom came from the Joint Research Unit for Agroecology, Innovations and Territories (UMR-AGIR). They have just published their analysis inIndustrie des Céréales. The French are regular consumers of pasta and would be ready to change their purchasing behaviour towards products of regional origin and manufactured in France. 

A Xysticus sp. spider devouring a caterpillar of the European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana © Sylvie Richart-Cervera
Organic farming favours pest regulation

Scientists from INRA, Université de Rennes 1 and their colleagues have demonstrated that organic farming favours the natural regulation and control of pests – pathogens, insects and weeds. These results, published in Nature Sustainability on 16 July 2018, offer interesting perspectives in terms of reducing the use of synthetic pesticides.

Our partners
Sustainable livestock farming
Making livestock farming sustainable

AnimalFuture is a project that aims to assess the multi-dimensional consequences of innovations on benefits (cash flow, income, jobs, product quality and safety, ecosystem services etc.) and costs (use of scarce natural resources, health and welfare) of livestock farming. It is a European project coordinated by Muriel Tichit, a scientist at INRA.

Just publied
Cover of the book
Poultry Quality Evaluation

Poultry Quality Evaluation: Quality Attributes and Consumer Values provides a new reference source that covers these aspects with the same scientific authority as texts on traditional poultry meat quality values.

27-28 Sep 2018 - Spanish Congress of Sociology of Food
Gijon (Spain)
29-31 Oct 2018 - Symposium Plant epi/genetics: pre-schedule online
Angers (France)

Technology platforms
. © INRA
Optical maps to improve our understanding of genome complexity

Plant genomes are particularly complex because of their size and the presence of numerous repeat elements. A clearer understanding of them will enable many of the agronomic improvements that are essential in a context of climate change. The French Plant Genomic Resources Centre (CNRGV) has just acquired an innovative technology that offers a global vision of genome organisation using optical maps. This project obtained funding from the European Union and the Occitanie Regional Council.

tournesol. © INRA
Genetic resources of wild and cultivated  sunflowers

As a public research institute, INRA explores and preserves biodiversity and genetic resources of several crops. These resources are available to public and private collaborators according to national policies and international agreements. In order to maintain a wide genetic diversity for research and breeding, the Biological Resources Centre (BRC) for sunflower develops its collection since the 1960s and is now operating at INRA Occitanie-Toulouse.

Vendredi 25 mai 2018, Philippe Mauguin, PDG de l’Inra, a visité TWB - Toulouse White Biotechnology, structure innovante dont la mission est de contribuer au développement de nouvelles voies de production biologiques durables et TSE-R – Toulouse School of Economics (UT1 Capitole, CNRS, Inra et EHESS).
De gauche à droite, P. Mauguin ; Monique Axelos, directrice scientifique Alimentation et bioéconomie ; Pierre Monsan, directeur de TWB ; Michèle Marin, présidente du centre Inra Occitanie-Toulouse. © Inra, Sandra Fuentes
Through TWB and TSE-R, INRA is confirming its support for development of the French bioeconomy

Philippe Mauguin, President of INRA, recently visited Toulouse, the stronghold of the bioeconomy

Partnership arrangements
Nosopharm renews its partnership with INRA

Nosopharm, an innovative company dedicated to research and development on new anti-infectious agents, has today announced the renewal of its partnership with INRA. This partnership with INRA’s Joint Research Unit for Diversity, Genomes and Microbe/Insect Interactions (UMR-DGIMI) aims to develop new classes of antimicrobial agents to treat drug-resistant nosocomial infections. The new classes thus discovered will then be the subject of patent applications and scientific publications.

. © INRA
3BCAR: a partnership arrangement at the heart of the bioeconomy strategy for France.

3BCAR Carnot Institute facilitates the access of companies to research skills in order to support a sustainable bioeconomy emergence, within the context of bioeconomy strategy for France.

Groupe de botanistes
Floris’Tic: plant sciences in the digital era

This project was born and is being implemented in Montpellier, and is based on both the new possibilities offered by the digital sciences and on the development of collaborative projects. In a context where the Pl@ntNet app, supported in the context of Floris’tic, was downloaded three million times in 2017, nine new thematic and/or geographic projects are being launched in 2018, to the great delight of plant lovers throughout the world.

Executive Director: Philippe Mauguin
Editorial coordination,Chief Editor: Odile Whitechurch
Innovating with INRA is produced by INRA, Partnership Transfer Innovation Directorate (DPTI).
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