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logo innover Inra2018. © INRA Innovating with Inra
N° 105
  October 2018  
logo innover Inra2018. © INRA
  #ESEINNOV, diagnostics and tools for the sustainable management of water, soils and effluents 
Philippe Hinsinger © Hinsinger

Water and soil are both living environments and essential resources for our societies. Research opens new perspectives – from metagenomics to satellite images – to understand their functioning and model the effects of human activities at different operational scales. It also offers tools and methods for the treatment and agronomic recycling of effluents which are important levers for the sustainable management of water, soil and air resources.

INRA can offer you its multidisciplinary skills and collaborative support for innovation in the management of water resources in watersheds and watercourses. A major national and European actor, INRA is particularly renowned for its research on soil: its biological functioning, chemical and physical features and the sustainable management of diverse types. In terms of effluents, INRA can provide support throughout the "production-treatment-recycling-return to cultivated or natural ecosystems" chain, helping you to develop different pathways for the recycling of organic residues, with particular emphasis on their multi-criteria evaluation.

The research findings and know-how acquired on soils, water and effluents will enable the design and evaluation of agricultural production systems for the future and the optimised management of rural, urban and peri-urban spaces.

More information and the contact details of people who can assist with the joint construction of partnership projects are in the downloadable document #ESEINNOV.

Philippe Hinsinger
Head, Environment and Agronomy Division (EA)

Results, Innovations, Transfer
Zoospores de Phytophthora parasitica (exprimant de la GFP) ayant germé sur racine de tomate et ayant formé des appressoriums qui permettent au micro-organisme de pénétrer dans les tissus de l’hôte. Boules vertes et creuses : zoospore, boules pleines : appressoriums. Coloration à l’iodure de propidium marquant les parois et noyaux.. © INRA, LE BERRE Jo-Yann
Mildew infection regulated by composition of the root microbiota

A clearer understanding of interactions between pathogenic oomycetes and the microbiota of the root surface of host plants is a factor for the successful development of a biocontrol strategy against these pests. INRA has explored the nature of these interactions with respect to Phytophthora, an agent that causes tomato mildew.

Epifluorescence image of a water-in-water Pickering emulsion (green latex beads) with core gelation to form colloidosomes (left). Confocal microscopy image showing sequestration of a fluorescent polymer in red by colloidosomes (right)
A new technique to encapsulate biomolecules

Scientists from INRA, CNRS and Université de Bordeaux have managed to develop a new technique that enables the production of microparticles that can spontaneously store biomolecules (colloidosomes). For the first time, they have designed such an encapsulation system in water, without using either solvent or oil. Published in Angewandte Chemie International Edition on 25 June 2018, these findings open perspectives for the development of new types of capsules containing active substances, and more generally for the creation of artificial cells.

Oak tree in Les Loges en Josas (Ile-de-France). © INRA, WEBER Jean
The oak genome unveils the secrets of tree longevity

An international consortium driven by INRA and the CEA has sequenced the genome of the pedunculate oak. The work published in Nature Plants on June 18th 2018 reveals two main genomic features related to the longevity of this emblematic species. The first is the existence in the genome of a particularly rich and diverse set of genes involved in resistance against pests (fungi, oomycetes, insects, bacteria and viruses). This extended defense arsenal affords trees protection against their dominant predators and is likely a key to their longevity. The second feature revealed by the work is the existence of somatic mutations that can be transmitted to the next generation - a result that raises questions about the importance of somatic mutations (non germ line) in generating genetic diversity in long-lived species.

Vers de farine.. © INRA, MAITRE Christophe
Mealworm meal for animal feed: is it good for the environment ?

Insect meal is presented as a particularly interesting alternative to replace soybean meal and fishmeal in the diet of monogastric animals and farmed fish.

Child eating a yogurt. © INRA, MAITRE Christophe
When young children learn to eat a wide variety of textures

How do young children aged 6 to 18 months learn to eat food with a variety of textures? Which textures do they accept as a function of their age? For the first time in France, INRA researchers, in collaboration with Blédina, have studied these questions1. They showed that children accept (in small amounts) most textures at an earlier age than when their parents usually offer them at home. Published in the journal Food Quality and Preference, this work suggests recommendations for complementary feeding.


Technology platforms
. © INRA
TPMP : a unique platform to understand plant-microbe-environment interactions

Unique in France for its configuration, TPMP (Toulouse Plant Microbe Phenotyping platform) aims to understand the interactions between plants and their biotic environment and predict the adaptation of plants to global changes. This platform, operated by the Joint Research Unit LIPM, is able to respond to strong demand for high-throughput phenotyping (observation of all the traits of an organism).



Partnership arrangements
. © INRA
Living Lab Lapins : an innovative project to ensure animal welfare

There are increasing demands from society regarding the welfare of farmed animals, while at the same time rabbit meat consumption is declining. To enable the sector to deal with this situation, the 3L project (Living Lab on Rabbits) aims to propose innovations using the living lab method which put all actors, consumers and producers at the centre of the research process.



Our partners
Formulation de peinture
NEWCOAT: using biosourced products in paint formulations [ADEME]

Improving control of the physicochemical properties of emulsions.

ReMIX Species mixtures for redesigning European cropping systems. © INRA
ReMIX- a project to promote species mixtures in Europe

The ReMIX project is funded by the European Union at a level of €5 million for four years in the context of the European H2020 programme. ReMIX (Redesigning European cropping systems based on species MIXtures) is a project that aims to design sustainable and diversified cropping systems in Europe, based on species mixtures or intercrops for grain production.



EVENTS
29-31 Oct 2018
Symposium Plant epi/genetics: pre-schedule online
Angers (France)

Executive Director: Philippe Mauguin
Editorial coordination,Chief Editor: Odile Whitechurch
Innovating with INRA is produced by INRA, Partnership Transfer Innovation Directorate (DPTI).
For further information, please contact us at: NLdpti@inra.fr

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