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logo innover Inra2018. © INRA Innovating with Inra
N° 106
  November 2018  
logo innover Inra2018. © INRA
  #BIOCONTROLE, biological protection for high-quality sustainable agriculture 
Portrait de Christian LANNOU, Chef du département scientifique

All sectors of agriculture are implementing deliberate changes towards cropping systems that are more respectful of health and the environment. As a result of the desire of the authorities to reduce the use of plant health products, the recent or planned withdrawal of active substances deemed to constitute a concern requires actors throughout the value chain to increase their efforts to initiate innovations.

As a public, mission-oriented research agency, INRA and its partners are seeking alternative solutions by operating different levers, including that of biocontrol. This term refers to any methods for crop protection that are based on using four categories of agents or active substances: macro-organisms, micro-organisms, chemical mediators and natural substances. We can propose collaborations to our partners that will focus on the search for candidates, their evaluation and prediction of their efficacy as biocontrol agents. We utilise our know-how to understand the functioning of these candidates in a production setting and how they can best be integrated in cropping systems. We also study the sustainability of the solutions proposed, notably in anticipation of the risk of onset of resistance or unintentional effects.

You can find more information on our achievements and current projects in the press release. We are always available to discuss and design together different biocontrol solutions for the future.  Please contact: Cécilia Multeau.

Christian LANNOU,
Head, Plant Health and Environment Division (SPE)
and Cécilia Multeau, Partnership and Innovation Manager

Results, Innovations, Transfer
Risks in Urban Farms: Management and Evaluation
Health risks in urban agriculture: a new methodological tool

Available to the leaders of urban agriculture projects, a proactive approach has been put in place inspired by the French national methodology used to manage polluted sites and soils and the HACCP method. Called REFUGE, it can be used to evaluate and manage the health risks linked to metallic trace elements in soils.

Selection to reduce gastrointestinal parasitism in sheep

Results obtained in the context of the Gemanema project have demonstrated that it is possible to select sheep that are resistant to gastrointestinal nematodes without affecting the growth of the animals or triggering an adaptive strategy among the parasites. In parallel, new biomarkers for infestation have been identified.

Soil from the long-term observation and experimentation system of permanent grasslands (SOERE Agroecosystems, biogeochemical cycle and biodiversity) © Jerôme Balesdent
The rate of soil carbon turnover: a matter of depth

The incorporation of organic carbon into soil helps to regulate both the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere and the fertility of agroecosystems. Researchers from INRA, CEA, and CNRS are the first to quantify the rate of carbon incorporation into soils according to depth and its anthropic and climatic determinants. The study, published in Nature on 11 July 2018, opens up new perspectives that allow us to better appreciate the evolution of the carbon cycle.

A Xysticus sp. spider devouring a caterpillar of the European grapevine moth, Lobesia botrana © Sylvie Richart-Cervera
Organic farming favours pest regulation

Scientists from INRA, Université de Rennes 1 and their colleagues have demonstrated that organic farming favours the natural regulation and control of pests – pathogens, insects and weeds. These results, published in Nature Sustainability on 16 July 2018, offer interesting perspectives in terms of reducing the use of synthetic pesticides.

Our partners
Sustainable livestock farming
Making livestock farming sustainable

AnimalFuture is a project that aims to assess the multi-dimensional consequences of innovations on benefits (cash flow, income, jobs, product quality and safety, ecosystem services etc.) and costs (use of scarce natural resources, health and welfare) of livestock farming. It is a European project coordinated by Muriel Tichit, a scientist at INRA.

Centre Technique du Biogaz et de la Méthanisation
Creation of the Technical Centre for Biogas and Methanisation (CTBM)

The CTBM has been set up to manage and coordinate a network that will provide technical resources and expertise to support development of the French methanisation sector.

Mise en fonctionnement d'un robot de la plateforme METAFUN dans l'unité METAGENOPOLIS à Jouy-en-Josas.. © Bertrand NICOLAS - Inra, NICOLAS Bertrand
Inra-DuPont, a new partnership to understand the mechanisms of action of probiotics on human health

MICALIS Institute and the preindustrial demonstrator MetaGenoloPolis have committed to a new collaboration with DuPont which aims to determine the mechanisms of action on human health of probiotic strains marketed by this industrial group

Just publied
. © INRA
Agroecosystem Diversity

1st Edition: Reconciling Contemporary Agriculture and Environmental Quality

Collaboration Proposals
microbiome of nematodes
Collaboration proposal: towards optimisation of the microbiome of nematodes

Developing the use of entomopathogenic nematodes in biocontrol: towards optimisation of their microbiome

Yarrowia lipolytica
A new inducible promoter in Yarrowia lipolytica as a tool to produce molecules

Collaborative efforts by INRA and the Universities of Liège and Brussels have enabled the development of Yarrowia lipolytica strains with an inducible promoter that can control protein expression.

Roseburia intestinalis
Use of the commensal bacterium Roseburia intestinalis to treat or prevent IBD

Treating and preventing chronic irritable bowel diseases (IBD) with a commensal bacterium that is naturally present in the intestine

Technology platforms
Alexandre Cavezza takes over as director of the MetaGenoPolis preindustrial demonstrator

Since June 2018, Alexandre Cavezza has been the director of MetaGenoPolis (MGP), the preindustrial demonstrator for biotechnologies. This appointment marks a new start for the demonstrator’s partnership strategy, which notably aims to create a club of industrial partners to support innovation in the field of the human and animal gut microbiota.

The LSTM Transfert & Innovation platform in Montpellier can offer expertise in the fields of biofertilisers and biopesticides.
Ecological engineering platform

Based on the Montpellier International Campus, the LSTM Transfert & Innovation platform can provide expertise in the fields of biofertilisers and biopesticides.  Its objective is to innovate in ecological engineering, biostimulants and sustainable soil management.

LOGO Centre International de Ressources Microbienne. © INRA
A collection of bacteria to serve the fermented foods of the future

The International Centre for Microbial Resources on Food Bacteria holds a collection of more than 4000 strains.

Executive Director: Philippe Mauguin
Editorial coordination,Chief Editor: Odile Whitechurch
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